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Financial statement showing a company's assets, liabilities, and shareholders' equity on a given date.
A systematic record of the economic transactions during a given period for a country. Can refer to either current account (which takes trade into account), capital account, or a combination thereof. Prolonged balance of payment deficits theoretically lead to currency depreciation.
Calculated by subtracting imports from exports. A negative balance of trade (when imports exceed exports) is called a 'deficit', while a positive balance is known as a 'surplus'. The balance of trade is inversely related to the difference between savings and investment.
Central Bank for Canada, whose actions directly weigh on the value of the Canadian Dollar (CAD)
Central Bank for the UK, whose actions directly weigh on the value of the Pound Sterling (GBP).
Central Bank for Japan, whose actions directly influences the value of the Japanese Yen (JPY)
While precise standards vary, refers generally to prolonged period of falling asset prices.
Describes an an investor who believes that asset prices will fall.
The price at which specific currency or contract can be sold. In practice, this can be understood as the number on the left side of the quote, which is usually the lower price. For example, in the quote EUR/USD 1.4122/26, the bid price is 1.4122; meaning you can sell one Euro for 1.4122 US dollars. Opposite of Ask/Offer price.
Technical analysis tool used to measure the highness or lowness of the price relative to previous trades, consisting of three bands: middle band (simple moving average), upper band (given number of standard deviations above the middle band), and lower band (given number of standard deviations below the middle band)
1944 agreement that used the price of gold to fix exchange rates for major currencies. It was replaced in 1971 by a floating exchange rate system that remains in place today.
While precise standards vary, this refers generally to prolonged period of rising asset prices.
Bonds issued in the UK by foreign institutions, denominated in British pounds.
Central bank of Germany and most influential member of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB).
Refers to the buyer/holder of an option, who has the right but not the obligation, to purchase the underlying security.